The World Coffee Research Organization (WCR) has started this needed movement. By having access to a host of reliable data and information on the traits of different beans, researchers can more efficiently go about their experimentation. The World Coffee Research Organization (WCR) has started this needed movement. Anacafe 14: Maragogype or pacamara cross with timor hybrid by anacafe. been introduced bringing new possibilities for coffee growers. WCR then crossed a subset of these coffees with existing varieties, forming 43 new candidate varieties … To improve the quality, yield, and resilience of the coffee crop, agronomists… World Coffee Research Expands Coffee Varieties Catalog to Include Africa, New Research > Origin | Nick Brown | February 19, 2018 . Photo courtesy of Tim Willems and World Coffee Research. Post was not sent - check your email addresses! Very high susceptibility to coffee leaf rust, well-adapted to the coldest conditions. These new varieties are not genetically modified. That last aspect, conscious and informed consumers, is something we feel passionately about. The database contains information on cup quality, disease susceptibility, plan characteristics, optimal growing elevations, bean size… Of the 900 wild types in CATIE's repository, WCR identified 100 that represent the greatest genetic diversity. It was created based on need for pest and pathogen resistance. Dr. Timothy Schilling is executive director of World Coffee Research, a new organization bringing together scientists and the coffee industry. Tag: World Coffee Research Varieties Archives - Daily Coffee News by Roast Magazine . The varieties—most of which have never been tested on a broad basis—are distributed to coffee growing countries for long-term evaluation on research plots. World Coffee Research Expands Coffee Varieties Catalog to Include Africa, New Research The nonprofit World Coffee Research has expanded its groundbreaking Arabica Coffee Varieties catalog, adding varieties from six African countries, an expanded introduction, and new findings in genetic and historical research. World Coffee Research has developed a new strategy to align its core focus, be responsive to the critical needs of farmers, and deliver change at scale. Photo courtesy of Tim Willems and World Coffee Research. In the second part of this article we will see the differences that exist between the main coffee varieties as well as what the future holds. It’s this innovation which will lead the industry into a sustainable future to the benefit of everyone involved. Your email address will not be published. World Coffee Research (WCR) has done what many parents have asked their children to do while remote learning during COVID-19: “put their listening ears on”. Bringing producers widespread access to healthy, genetically pure planting material will improve both the productivity and quality of coffee as significant numbers of farms are … World Coffee Research Expands Coffee Varieties Catalog to Include Africa, New Research The nonprofit World Coffee Research has expanded its groundbreaking Arabica Coffee Varieties catalog, adding varieties from six African countries, an expanded introduction, and new findings in genetic and historical research. Arabica coffee first arrived in Mesoamerica in the mid-1700s. It is a cross between Catimor and multiple coffee berry disease resistant varieties, including K7, Rume Sudan, and SL28. Arabica coffee first arrived in Mesoamerica in the mid-1700s. The organization is conducting the first global research to drive best agricultural practices, minimize inputs and environmental impacts, and maximize farmer incomes. World Coffee Research has released “Coffee Varieties of Mesoamerica and the Carribean,” a first-of-its-kind catalog of arabica coffee varieties designed for use by coffee farmers. World Coffee Research is also preparing a new generation of F1 hybrid varieties with the goal of releasing specifically selected varieties to farmers in Central America and Africa by 2025. Of the 900 wild types in CATIE's repository, WCR identified 100 that represent the greatest genetic diversity. This week, World Coffee Research launched a major update to its Arabica Coffee Varieties catalog, expanding it to include varieties from six new countries: Kenya, Malawi, Rwanda, Uganda, Zambia, and Zimbabwe. In response, farmers were urged to plant hybrid varieties that were rust-resistant. In the mid-20th century, breeders began ... World Coffee Research 10940 SW Barnes Rd #334 Portland, OR 97225. While WCR’s Coffee Varieties Catalog is a fantastic resource– and hopefully a sign of more to come– and our industry cannot afford to be content with the status quo. He cautioned me that IHCAFE’s work is a great start, but more information is needed to conclusively say these varieties are … 2. (The program is … Your email address will not be published. Historically, most coffees in the region descend from just two varieties: Typica and Bourbon. When the WCR published their WCR Coffee Varieties Catalog, it represented one of the most complete and detailed reference texts documenting the characteristics of different coffee varieties. The video outlines a partnership that began this May among World Coffee Research, the Borlaug Institute and members of the world’s coffee industry to battle the disease. Planting coffee that is well-adapted to the local environment is one critical factor in ensuring the highest possible quality. One of the most culturally and genetically important C. arabica coffees in the world, with high quality in Central America. Java: A Typica selection suspected to be the progeny of coffee introduced from … You can only grow beans at a commercial scale in the tropics (aka the “Coffee Belt”), the beans require hand-picking and sorting, and are extremely susceptible to disease. Just over a year ago, Dr. Juan Anciso, a Texas A&M AgriLife Extension Service fruit and vegetable specialist, planted 200 plants representing 40 coffee varieties from Central and … It is replicable. Because the life of a coffee tree is 20-30 years, the decision producers make about which variety to plant will have consequences until the next generation. In the second part of this article we will see the differences that exist between the main coffee varieties as well as what the future holds. The world’s first global sensory study of coffee varieties, conducted collaboratively with the Specialty Coffee Association, UC Davis Coffee Center, and 12 coffee-producing countries. The catalog presents a breadth of information on each variety, from its appearance and key agronomic traits to its genetic background and intellectual … The coffee supply chain begins before the farm—with the seed itself. News and Media. Choosing the right type of coffee also has consequences for quality in the cup. the likes of which have not existed prior to now.". – Last week, the World Coffee Research (WCR) launched a major update to its Arabica Coffee Varieties catalog, expanding it to include varieties from six new countries: Kenya, Malawi, Rwanda, Uganda, Zambia, and Zimbabwe. World Coffee Research is also preparing a new generation of F1 hybrid varieties with the goal of releasing specifically selected varieties to farmers in Central America and Africa by 2025. Arabica coffee varieties are all members of the same species, but they have different traits. This month, WCR announced that many varieties’ resistance is breaking down. In Brazil, coffee growing is the subject of much research and development at national universities and institutions. The catalog previously only covered varieties commonly found in and around Central America. In coffee producing regions like Central America diseases like “Coffee Rust” have destroyed hundreds of thousands of acres of crops. The database contains information on cup quality, disease susceptibility, plan characteristics, optimal growing elevations, bean size, yield, nutrition needs, and more. In a press release accompanying the announcement, World Coffee Research explained that for the last 30 years, rust resistance has relied on resistant genes coming from Timor Hybrid, a natural cross between Arabica and Robusta coffee—and Timor Hybrid’s resistance is … When the WCR published their WCR Coffee Varieties Catalog, it represented one of the most complete and detailed reference texts documenting the characteristics of different coffee varieties. By giving access to important data to more people than ever before, the hope is that smaller farms will finally be able to make more informed decisions. Center for Coffee Research and Education. With coffee trees living an average of 20-30 years, picking the right kind is essential. More recently, genetically diverse Ethiopian varieties and F1 hybrids have been … Sorry, your blog cannot share posts by email. World Coffee Research has gathered 31 top-performing coffee varieties from 11 suppliers around the world. Important steps forward in this regard have been made thanks to the work conducted by the World Coffee Research with the creation of the first Sensory Lexicon. World Coffee Research and Counter Culture have both independently been working on better more up-to-date reference guides on the coffee varieties and research that has been done, and currently being done, in Ethiopia and East Africa. World Coffee Research and Counter Culture have both independently been working on better more up-to-date reference guides on the coffee varieties and research that has been done, and currently being done, in Ethiopia and East Africa. With greater diversity we can breed more adaptable, more sustainable, more resilient coffee varieties for farmers, and for the whole coffee industry. This blog, our stores, and our team all are constantly looking for ways to inform the public about what their options are and the impacts associated with each. recently, genetically diverse Ethiopian varieties and F1 hybrids have Facebook; ... “The Hub is expected to produce the next generation of coffee varieties that will be adapted to various growing conditions in Africa and sustain the industry’s genetic breeding pools,” Martin says. As someone who’s always loved Punnett squares, I was very excited to learn more about the type of research being conducted and to get a better understanding of what the future holds. A miscalculation about what kind of tree to plant can cause a reduced yield at best, and financial hardship compounded over decades at worst. Active field research sites in 22 countries; 30+ research programs involving 92 partners One of World Coffee Research’s key objectives is on improving coffee genetically by breeding new varieties. The crop is one that be temperamental and needing more attention than others. introducing varieties that possessed genetics from the C. canephora (Robusta) species, which made them resistant to coffee leaf rust. Although aimed at farmers to help them make the best choice for World Coffee Research Expands Coffee Varieties Catalog to Include Africa, New Research > Origin | Nick Brown | February 19, 2018 . 40+ test plots in 22 countries. Formed by the Global Coffee Industry in 2012, World Coffee Research is an organization of researchers working on a new generation of coffee varieties, as a response to several threats facing the coffee industry, and the dire need for innovation in coffee farming. Through numerous field studies on coffee and coffee hybrids, World Coffee Research works with several countries to develop the next generation of high yielding, climate-smart coffee varieties, while increasing quality and flavor. H16 is an F1 hybrid variety also known as Mundo Maya (H16 is the code used by breeders before the variety was given its name). This allows us to compare differences among coffees with a significantly higher degree of precision. Rapid Coffee Variety Identification Creating value from seed to sale. World Coffee Research Expands Coffee Varieties Catalog to Include Africa, New Research Nick Brown | February 19, 2018 The nonprofit World Coffee Research has expanded its groundbreaking Arabica Coffee Varieties catalog, adding varieties from six African countries, an expanded introduction, and new findings in genetic and historical research. The Need For Research. The work they put in now will ensure the future of coffee. One of the most culturally and genetically important C. arabica varieties in the world, known for excellent quality in the cup at the highest altitudes. Bourbon Mayaguez 71 BM71 Moderate yield, good cup potential, and susceptible to major diseases. World Coffee Research just expanded their varieties catalog, a tool farmers can use to decide which varieties will grow best on their farms. The World Coffee Research Verified program is the first sector-wide program to verify the quality of coffee seeds. The catalog currently features 38 varieties cultivated in Central America and will expand to Africa in 2018 and globally after that. That is why the Global Conservation Strategy for Coffee Genetic Resources that World Coffee Research and the Crop Trust worked on in 2017 is key to the future of coffee. When the WCR published their WCR Coffee Varieties Catalog, it represented one of the most complete and detailed reference texts documenting the characteristics of different coffee varieties. Important steps forward in this regard have been made thanks to the work conducted by the World Coffee Research with the creation of the first Sensory Lexicon. Dr. Timothy Schilling is executive director of World Coffee Research, a new organization bringing together scientists and the coffee industry. If they succeed in democratizing this powerful data, it could mean greater financial security for countless producers along with a more productive and sustainable supply chain in the future. Arabica coffee began spreading around the world in the mid-1700s. Notify me of follow-up comments by email. Villa Sarchi. More recently, genetically diverse F1 hybrids have been introduced. Typica. The catalog previously only covered varieties commonly found in … WCR is a 501(c)5 non-profit agricultural research organization registered in the state of California. planting, it’s a rich, detailed, free, and absolutely gorgeous resource World Coffee Research is a 501 (c)(5) non-profit, collaborative research and development program of the global coffee industry to grow, protect, and enhance supplies of quality coffee while improving the livelihoods of the families who produce it. World Coffee Research is a private sector initiative to grow the Arabica coffee supply chain in a sustainable way through collaborative agricultural research and development. Daily Coffee News by Roast magazine provides essential only news and resources for specialty coffee professionals. The intention of this catalog is that those working with coffee should be able to make informed decisions about which variety will work best for their situation and needs. Coffee producers who make good planting decisions are at much less risk from disease or pests. The world’s first global sensory study of coffee varieties, conducted collaboratively with the Specialty Coffee Association, UC Davis Coffee Center, and 12 coffee-producing countries. Especially for smaller farmers, if their coffee trees are diseased, it can be incredibly damaging financially. By Jen Hurd. WCR uses advanced and applied research in coffee genetics and agronomy to create new varieties, agronomic approaches, and market opportunities for farmers to become more resilient and profitable, especially in the face of significant threats like climate change. Coffee growing can be tricky business. In the mid-20th century, breeders began introducing varieties that possessed genetics from the C. canephora (Robusta) species, which made them resistant to coffee leaf rust. Required fields are marked *. The nonprofit World Coffee Research has expanded its groundbreaking Arabica Coffee Varieties catalog, adding varieties from six African countries, an expanded introduction, and new findings in genetic and historical research. More With such a high-demand and volatile commodity, more research and data sharing is needed. In 2015, World Coffee Research developed 43 hybrids between existing, commercialized coffee varieties and wild types that CATIE, the coffee germplasm bank in Costa Rica, provided. All these characteristics, disease susceptibility and labor intensivity at the forefront, all contribute to coffee being a volatile crop and one that can be hard to profit off of and rely on. We believe that consumers want to make ethical choices and that the only thing holding them back most of the time is simply not having the right information. Active field research sites in 22 countries; 30+ research programs involving 92 partners Every part of the coffee supply chain has a role to play in creating a sustainable future for the coffee industry, and informed consumers are no exception. There are currently 58 new varieties in development. Databases like this one help to catalyze collaboration and innovation, making breakthroughs more likely while fostering a culture of informed experimentation. Typica Cultivars. 305 likes. 31 varieties from around the world. With this being the case, it is extremely important that databases of information exist to inform the industry and public about the varietals currently out there and encourage future development of new cross breeds. Coffee … Arabica Coffee Varieties  presents information for coffee producers and anyone working with coffee plants about how different varieties can be expected to perform under ideal conditions. Plants can also take up a lot of space, require frequent attention and care than other crops. In the mid-20th century, breeders began introducing "introgressed" varieties resistant to coffee leaf rust. 09/07/2019, 3:34 pm 11/09/2019. Last month, WCR expanded the catalog—which previously only covered varieties commonly found in and around Central America—to include varieties from six new countries: Kenya, Malawi, Rwanda, Uganda, Zambia, and Zimbabwe. Seed farms and nurseries certified to the WCR Verified SM protocols are listed in an online directory tied to the World Coffee Research coffee varieties catalog at varieties.worldcoffeeresearch.org. This best case of reduced yield is something that WCR sees as contributing to “chronically low yields around the globe.”. for all. "World Coffee Research has knocked it out of the park with this one. Historically, most coffees were descendant from Typica and Bourbon. Visit worldcoffeeresearch.org WCR Verified SM is designed to provide independent, science-based quality control and assurance at the start of the coffee supply chain. The Catalog also represents one of the first widely available and comprehensive data sets allowing producers to make smarter decisions for their farms. The Center for Coffee Research and Education was established by the Board of Regents of Texas A&M University in September 2016. World Coffee Research (WCR) is a non-profit, collaborative research and development program of the global coffee industry to grow, protect, and enhance supplies of quality coffee while improving the livelihood of the families who produce it. By Jen Hurd. World Coffee Research (WCR) recently hosted a lecture and tasting around its new F1 coffee hybrid varieties at the Buckman Coffee Factory in Portland, Oregon. It is quantifiable. World Coffee Research is also preparing a new generation of F1 hybrid varieties with the goal of releasing specifically selected varieties to farmers in Central America and Africa by 2025. World Coffee Research (WCR) recently hosted a lecture and tasting around its new F1 coffee hybrid varieties at the Buckman Coffee Factory in Portland, Oregon. World Coffee Research has a major focus on coffee breeding—developing the next generation of high yielding, resilient coffee varieties, while increasing quality in the cup. As someone who’s always loved Punnett squares, I was very excited to learn more about the type of research being conducted and to get a better understanding of what the future holds. In 2015, World Coffee Research developed 43 hybrids between existing, commercialized coffee varieties and wild types that CATIE, the coffee germplasm bank in Costa Rica, provided. The varieties catalog also includes information on which varieties are currently available through the World Coffee Research Verified program, which certifies coffee seed and nursery producers to improve the healthy, traceability and genetic purity of coffee plants. Participants may also send promising candidate varieties into World Coffee Research’s global International Multilocation Variety Trial (40+ sites in 27 countries). Rust resistance. 3. World Coffee Research breeds coffee for the future. In 2012, coffee-leaf rust decimated coffee farms across Latin America. This month, WCR announced that many varieties’ resistance is breaking down. The World Coffee Research Sensory Lexicon allows us not only to say that, for example, a given coffee has blueberry in its flavour or aroma, but that it has blueberry at an intensity of on a 15-point scale. WCR drives continual scientific innovation through applied agricultural research in genetics and agronomy to produce climate-smart, profitable technologies for farmers to sustain global demands for coffee. Because F1 varieties are the first generation result of a cross between two genetically distinct varieties, they tend to display what’s known as “hybrid vigor.” News Feed News Media Updates. In order to undertake research into which kinds of hybridized beans might have more beneficial characteristics like drought and disease resistance, researchers need this as a starting off point. We need the industry to keep innovating and finding ways to create a product that not only tastes incredible, but is also economically and ecologically sound, as well. An interactive website exploring 53 arabica varieties, Christophe Montagnon, Benoit Bertrand, Hanna Neuschwander, USAID, UTZ, Promecafe, ICAFE, PROCAFE, Consejo Salvadoreño de Cafe, ANACAFE, IHCAFE, CIB, INTA, MIDA, CODOCAFE, JNC, KALRO, DARS, RAB, NaCORI, CRI Zimbabwe. Save my name, email, and website in this browser for the next time I comment. The World Coffee Research Organization (WCR) has started this needed movement. More Projects. Along with wanting to inform the public, this database plays a crucial role in supporting ongoing research into new kinds of beans. Supported by funding from USAID and UTZ/Rainforest Alliance, the expanded catalog is the result of visits to 16 coffee countries and some 180 interviews. Historically, most coffees in the region descend from just two varieties: Typica and Bourbon. A first-of-its kind undertaking to facilitate the global exchange of the world’s highest quality coffee varieties. World Coffee Research’s mission is to grow, protect and enhance supplies of quality coffee while improving the livelihoods of the families who produce it. (The program is currently available in … ", "The result is a visually coherent and remarkably easy-to-use resource, 50,000 plantlets. The varieties catalog also includes information on which varieties are currently available through the World Coffee Research Verified program, which certifies coffee seed and nursery producers to improve the health, traceability, and genetic purity of coffee plants. Adapted for medium altitudes. “Coffee leaf rust science is still in the dark ages,” Tim Schilling, the Executive Director of World Coffee Research, told me over the phone. Daily Coffee News covers coffee news from seed to cup, including stories on coffee origin, imports, exports, logistics, supply chains, sustainability, retail, baristas, roasting and consumer trends. Tag: World Coffee Research Varieties Archives - Daily Coffee News by Roast Magazine . WCR uses advanced and applied research in coffee genetics and agronomy to create new varieties, agronomic approaches, and market opportunities for farmers to become more resilient and profitable, especially in the face of significant threats like climate change. This breadth of information means that this Catalog can serve as a go-to source for farmers, roasters, as well as conscious and informed consumers. The updated version introduces the following varieties: Bourbon Mayaguez 139, Bourbon Mayaguez 71, Jackson 2/1257, K7, KP423, SL28, Harrar Rwanda, Mibirizi, Nyasaland, Pop3303/21, SL14, SL34, Catimor 129, Batian, RAB C15, and Ruiru 11. 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