In Kerala, the conversions peaked by 1950, and after that, there have been far fewer conversions. Tamil Nadu has a considerable Christian population. The Hindu and Christian populations have nearly stopped growing, as the crude death rate overtakes the crude birth rate and the ageing population is not being replaced fast enough. Tamil Nadu Colleges reopen in Tamil Nadu, confusion about online attendance Tamil Nadu 19-year old girl kills man who tried to rape her Tamil Nadu … Can secularism meet its end in India, that is Bharat? In the state of Tamil Nadu, India the most widely professed religion is Hinduism, with significant Christian and Muslim minorities. Christians and Muslims have both been modelled separately. A select list of articles that match your interests and tastes. Tamil Nadu adds more than 1 million people to its growing population each year. Shown are the actual percentages in 1951, 2011 and the projected percentage in 2061 by the three different techniques. To enable wide dissemination of news that is in public interest, we have increased the number of articles that can be read free, and extended free trial periods. Kerala’s population has always shown some very specific patterns. Move smoothly between articles as our pages load instantly. Tamil Nadu's Villupuram witnessed a Swiss groom and a French-German bride getting married following Hindu traditions at a Shiva Temple. In Ernakulam, no religion formed the majority. Tamil Nadu is a well-developed state in South India known for its Hindu temples. Disclaimer: The facts and opinions expressed within this article are the personal opinions of the author. As per 2011 Census Tamil nadu population religion wise, Hinduism is the largest religion with 63 million - 87.5%, followed by Muslim with 5.8%, Christianity with 6%. Though conduct of such. It has helped us keep apace with events and happenings. In the polynomial model, we fit a second degree polynomial to the population data points and predict the future populations based on this curve. These five districts, together consist of a population of 20 million people. The logistic model assumes that all populations will stabilise in the long run and predicts future populations based on this assumption. Activities. From then, both will start decreasing, while only the Muslim population will be increasing. Published B-Series Tables related to Population by religious communities, state wise religious communities, UT wise religious communities Hindus will have declined from 65% in 1951, to ~40% in 2061. Tamil Nadu recorded a population of 72,147,030, growing by 97.4 lakh persons in the last decade, of which 80.1 per cent are literates, according to the 2011 census. But the relative difference is contributing to the fall of the Hindu population share in the coming years as reported in the previous take home message. Table 1: Percentage of Hindus in the various districts. Consequently, we have included them in the Hindu category. Experts state that the data reiterates the understanding that development, represented by better education, health and other social welfare measures, contribute significantly more to population stability than religion. (estimated). List of all Talukas in Coimbatore District of Tamil Nadu. Tamil Religion, Astrology in Tamil, Tamil Spirituality, Hindu Religion, Religion in Tamil Nadu. Hindu Population in India - India is known as birthplace of many religions but Hinduism is the most significant one. Many, if not most, of these have been converted. *Our Digital Subscription plans do not currently include the e-paper, crossword and print. Since then it has been the most dominant in Indian culture and society. The various models vary on the extent to which the change will occur, but all concur that Hindus are set to become the minority. Hinduism is the dominant religion with 81.3% of the total population in Chennai. The population of the Christians will increase in absolute numbers in some places and decrease in other places. Kanyakumari, one of the holiest places of Hinduism, is already a Hindu minority and is set to be the Christian majority soon. In 2001, Christians were 6.06 per cent and Muslims were 5.56 of the total population. Between 2001 and 2011, the … Tamil Nadu lies in the southernmost part of the Indian Peninsula and is bordered by the States of Puducherry, Kerala, Karnataka and Andhra Pradesh.It is the tenth-largest state in India and the seventh most populous state. For the sake of convenience, we have amalgamated Cochin-Travancore into one region (called Travancore from now on) and have considered Malabar the other, in this article. The decimation of Hindus in Malabar is clear in this model. DEMOGRAPHY OF TAMIL NADU: Tamil Nadu is basically the 7th crowded state in the country. According to the 2011 census, Tamil Nadu has 87.6% Hindus, 6.1% Christians, and 5.9% Muslims, 0.1% Jains, and 0.3% other religions or no religion. In Madurai, Meenakshi Amman Temple has high ‘gopuram’ towers ornamented with colourful figures. In the case of Kanyakumari, it is quite possible that the proportion of the Christians will hit a ceiling as the total number of possible converts hits a maximum. Notes: a. Here is a brief summary of the demographic analysis from the note: #1 Tamil Nadu is second only to Kerala in terms of Christian population. This area is also the region that initiated the Moplah revolt, during Gandhi’s support to the Khilafat movement, leading to the murder, persecution and flight of thousands of Hindus. Chennai district of Tamil Nadu has total population of 4646732 as per the Census 2011. We also reiterate here the promise that our team of reporters, copy editors, fact-checkers, designers, and photographers will deliver quality journalism that stays away from vested interest and political propaganda. In the first part of the article, we present our conclusions about the various districts (and regions) of Kerala. Population by Religion in Tamil Nadu Hinduism is most dominant religion in Tamil Nadu with over 88% of the total population is Hindus. Tamil Nadu Population 2011 As per details from Census 2011, Tamil Nadu has population of 7.21 Crores, an increase from figure of 6.24 Crore in 2001 census. Tamil Nadu Population by Religion. It is believed that Hindu Religion started in India many thousand years ago. The discrepancy arises because the logistic model assumes that the population of each group stabilises to a certain value (see figure below) and cannot account for negative population growth that has already begun in some areas of Kerala and will accentuate in the coming years. The literacy rate of Tamil Nadu state is 71.85% out of which 77.59% males are literate and 66.09% females are literate. As per census 2011, Tamil Nadu, has a population of 7,21,47,030 individuals with a decent ratio of males and females. Thus, this model may be seen as the lower bound on the populations of the various communities. 48% of the population lives in urban spots, one of the highest in the nation. From 1961 onwards, when the Christian population peaked, there has been a gradual (at first) and then a sharper rise of the Muslim population in Kerala, and a gradual retreat of both the Hindus and the Christians. We predict, which districts (and regions) will become a Hindu minority by 2061. Christians and Muslims … % in total population of TN 1. Population, Religion, Caste, Literacy, Sex ratio data of Coimbatore District as per Census 2011 All the different categories other than Hindus are <1% in all the districts that we have included in our analysis. Your support for our journalism is invaluable. U.S. Capitol breach | Donald Trump backer seen in horned fur hat charged. “The fertility rate of Muslim women in Tamil Nadu is lower than Hindu women in northern States like Uttar Pradesh. Its capital and largest city is Chennai (formerly known as Madras). Since, the Hindus do not proselytize in any significant measure, the Hindu population is set to decline continually and relentlessly over the coming decades. From the above table, it should be clear that the Christian population will peak in 2021 and the Hindu population in 2031. The Muslim population of the region was 31.42% and the Christian population was 3.24% in 1951. Only the Muslim fertility rate is above the replacement levels, in the 2011 census. Population: 72,147,030 (2011) ... Media in category "Hindu temples in Tamil Nadu" The following 200 files are in this category, out of 266 total. The population density is 550 people per square kilometer. At this difficult time, it becomes even more important that we have access to information that has a bearing on our health and well-being, our lives, and livelihoods. The model assumes that the Hindu and Christian populations will become stable and not decline unlike what the fertility rates show. On connecting religious background with fertility, he said development as a whole was a larger factor. Total population of Tamil Nadu as per 2011 census is 72,147,030 of which male and female are 36,137,975 and 36,009,055 respectively. The Hindu Munnani first gained public awareness in 1982 when it began to mobilise the Hindu population of Ramanathapuram district in response to the Meenakshipuram conversions by Ishaatul Islam Sabha of South India Since then, the Hindu Munnani has often espoused the cause of Hindus.. Other Backward Classes (OBCs) population in Tamilnadu – 68%; Total Scheduled tribes (ST) population in Tamilnadu – 1.10%; Total Hindus population in Tamilnadu – 63,188,168; Christians population in Tamilnadu – (4,418,331) 6.5%; Muslims population in Tamilnadu – (4,229,479) 6%; Tamil Jains population in Tamilnadu – (83,359) 0.13% *Malappuram and Palakkad show their population nearly constant in the 2051-2061 decade. In 2011, the Hindu population was 50.53%, the Muslim population was 43.64%, and the Christian population was 5.83%. The Hindu population of Malabar is set to fall to somewhere between 40% and 45% in the constant growth and the polynomial models by 2061. Their number and share in Tamil Nadu is the highest of all major States except the adjoining Kerala. Assuming that about 80-90% of the vulnerable convert and that the fertility rates of the different castes are similar, the levels predicted by the various prediction techniques may be an overestimate in this case and the total number of conversions may peak around 55% as opposed to the 61% and 66% predicted by the constant growth and the polynomial models, respectively. Find mobile-friendly version of articles from the day's newspaper in one easy-to-read list. It comprises 51,837,507 literates, with a literacy rate of 80.3%. Hinduism constitutes 87.58% of Tamil Nadu population. Population, Religion, Caste, Literacy, Sex ratio data of Chennai District as per Census 2011 The total area of Tamil Nadu is 130060 sq.km with population density of 555 per sq.km. And unlike Assam, where roughly 2 regions (of about 9 million people in total) were set to remain a clear Hindu majority, we show that none of the regions in Kerala will have any significant Hindu majority. As per the 2011 census, there were 44 lakh Christians in Tamil Nadu, which is roughly six percent of the state’s population. Further, it is important to remark here that Kanyakumari is the only district in this region, where conversions are still causing major demographic shifts. The events witnessed in Tamil Nadu during the last three days in connection with Vinayaka Chathurthi prove beyond doubt that Hindus could survive and the State only by the charity shown by the minority groups which are slowly and stealthily overtaking the Hindu population. Muslims (9.4%) and Christians (7.6%) are also present in the city. In the polynomial model, it is clear that the Hindus and Christians will start declining not only in the percentages, but also in absolute numbers in almost all the districts. Every model shows the Hindu and Christian population shares declining and the Muslim population increasing. Population of Tamil Nadu in 2014 With a population of 75,478,738 (7.5 crore) people, Tamil Nadu is ranked as 7th populous state of India. Table 4: The predicted populations of Hindus, Muslims and Christians in the Polynomial models in the coming decades. According to the data, the Hindu population in Tamil Nadu saw an increase of 14.91 per cent between 2001 and 2011. In the centre, the small state of Cochin, covering parts of Thrissur and Ernakulam, always had a high Christian population – from 1901 itself, at least. All the statistics are taken from the respective census and [1]. Between 1991 and 2001, Hindus lost nearly 4% of the population to Christianity and almost all of these were due to conversions. Table 3: The table presents the population of Hindus in 1951 and 2011 and predicts the population of Hindus in 2061 by various techniques. We have been keeping you up-to-date with information on the developments in India and the world that have a bearing on our health and wellbeing, our lives and livelihoods, during these difficult times. However, we have a request for those who can afford to subscribe: please do. Crossword blog #218 | Cryptic crosswords, so solution-oriented! This trend is set to accelerate. In the case of Christians, while the growth was slightly higher than the all-India figure, their proportion in the overall State population remained more or less the same as in 2001. Professor at the International Institute of Population Sciences, Dr. P. Arokiasamy, said the data was reflective of the lead the southern States have taken in terms of socio-economic parameters. In 2011 there were total 958035 families residing in Coimbatore district. The bulk of the converts are the Dalits, the fisher folk and the Nadars – all of them are socially and economically backward. Owing to geographical proximity, we include Kanyakumari of Southern Tamil Nadu in this study, but consider its religious demography separate from the rest of Kerala. The Malabar in the north, was in the hands of the British, the small Cochin state in the centre, was under a prince and the Kingdom of Travancore bestrode the southern half like a colossus. It is the most optimistic case for the Hindu and the Christian populations and the most pessimistic case for the Muslim population. Muslims will be the majority in two districts, Kannur and Malappuram, and Christians will have a majority in Kanyakumari. The four districts of Malabar are Kannur, which comprises of Kannur and Kasaragod; Kozhikode, which comprises of Wayanad and Kozhikode; Malappuram; and Palakkad. Significantly, unlike Hindus, there were more women than men among Christians and Muslims in 2011. Please don't answer if don't have knowledge about the question…. Malappuram was remarkable for being the only district with a Muslim population majority, mainly due to Muslim predominance in the Ernad area. IndiaFacts does not assume any responsibility or liability for the accuracy, completeness, suitability, or validity of any information in this article. The Hindu and Christian fertility rates are around 1.5, well below the 2.1 fertility rates needed for a stable population. And in the south, the Kingdom of Travancore saw major changes in the rise of Christian population in the 19th and the first half of the 20th century. As per 2011 Census Tamil nadu population religion wise, Hinduism is the largest religion with 63 million - 87.5%, followed by Muslim with 5.8%, Christianity with 6%. Table 2: Shows the decade in which the Hindu population will begin to decrease in absolute numbers in the districts of Kerala and South Tamil Nadu, according to the polynomial model. In the constant growth model, we assume that the growth rates currently found for the different communities will continue to hold over the next five decades and predict the population from those models. It’s a support for truth and fairness in journalism. 1.10 per cent of the population belonged to Scheduled tribes (ST) Other Backward Classes (OBCs) form 68% of Tamil nadu population. Dr. Arokiasamy said the two States were among the earliest to achieve the fertility replacement rate (average number of children born per woman) of 2.1. “This is not a new trend. As a proportion to the overall State population, Hindus stood at 87.5, Christians at 6.12 and Muslims at 5.86 per cent. Out of which 2335844 are males while 2310888 are females. It is only in Alappuzha that Hindus will have a clear majority of greater than 60%. You can support quality journalism by turning off ad blocker or purchase a subscription for unlimited access to The Hindu. Vanniyar - 12 to 15% 2. Population density of Tamil Nadu increased from 259 people per square kilometer in 1961 to 555 people per square kilometer in 2011 growing at an average annual rate of 13.76%. Intensive population campaigns since the 1980s coupled with robust welfare measures have helped Kerala and Tamil Nadu stabilise their population to a great extent relatively,” he said. Economist Venkatesh Athreya said education among women and poverty alleviation are two important determinants of population growth in the long term. The region most affected by the change in population is the Malabar, where the low fertility of Hindus, combined with higher fertility and an already existing higher Muslim population has seen many districts rapidly change their demographic character. Capital Chennai is known for beaches and landmarks including 1644 colonial Fort St. George. Ernakulam and Kozhikode will have no one in the majority, but Kozhikode will also have a Muslim plurality. The total muslim population 4.2 million is the third largest after Christians with 4.4 million people. This will lead to both of them losing population share, while the Muslims gain population share. All other religions like Jains and Buddhists represent less than 1%. The actual curves that we present for each model below will show that across all the districts, the population share (1) of the Hindus will monotonically decrease in the next fifty years, and (2) of the Muslims will monotonically increase till 2061. Population of Tamil Nadu in 2013 Population of Tamil Nadu in 2013 was estimated to be 74,319,357 (7.4 Crore). Hindu Population in India - India is known as birthplace of many religions but Hinduism is the most significant one. Tamil Nadu has centers of worship for a multitude of faiths. There were an additional 945 coronavirus cases reported in the last 24 hours in Tamil Nadu. Together, these four districts comprise of nearly 15 million people. Enjoy reading as many articles as you wish without any limitations. In the maps below, `none’ represents that no group will have a majority (>50%) of the population–. Coimbatore district of Tamil Nadu has total population of 3458045 as per the Census 2011. It is clear that in the constant growth model, the Hindus are going to be a minority in five of the nine districts, Kannur, Kozhikode, Malappuram, Ernakulam and Kanyakumari. Tamil Nadu is famed for its Dravidian-style Hindu temples. In the table below are given the dates from which the Hindus are expected to start decreasing in absolute numbers (not merely population share) in the various districts. In all our calculations, we have considered Hindus to comprise of Hindus, Jains, Buddhists and Animists. Tamil Nadu Population 2019 –86.3712 Million. A low Hindu fertility, conversions to Christianity (in some areas) and a higher Muslim fertility have changed the demographic character of the state. The town of Kanyakumari, at India’s southernmost tip, is the site of ritual sunrises. The data will change every year. Is Dalit a caste. These models are more realistic than the logistic model as explained above. A one-stop-shop for seeing the latest updates, and managing your preferences. In Kanyakumari, however, a combination of local politics and an economically and socially backward population, have contributed to the growth of a large Christian population. In 2011, the Hindu population was 50.53%, the Muslim population was 43.64%, and the Christian population was 5.83%. After 1,060 Covid-19 … We also show that the overall population of many districts is set to change rapidly. As we fight disinformation and misinformation, and keep apace with the happenings, we need to commit greater resources to news gathering operations. Between 1901 and 1951, the Muslims rose by 0.25% (from 17.28% of Kerala to 17.53%), the Christians rose by 7% (from 13.8% to 20.9%) and the Hindus fell from 69% to 61%. As a subscriber, you are not only a beneficiary of our work but also its enabler. Hindu Tamil News is a leading Tamil newspaper online and provides latest Tamil news, breaking news, Politics, Cinema news, Business, city, district, Sports live news, Technology news updates and more Tamil news in India and around the world. It is asked caste population. The growth rates have been … The data for 2020 & 2021 is under process and will be updated in few weeks. All other religions like Jains and Buddhists represent less than 1%. The Muslim fertility is not high (indeed, it is lower than the Hindu fertility rate in states like Rajasthan and UP). In the State, the growth of population among Hindus and Muslims was markedly lower than national average of 16.76 percent and 24.60 per cent. Kerala and South Tamil Nadu are set to become Hindu minority in the next 50 years. Since then it has been the most dominant in Indian culture and society. It is believed that Hindu Religion started in India many thousand years ago. Subscribe to The Hindu now and get unlimited access. The five districts of Travancore-Cochin consist of Thrissur; Ernakulam, which comprises of Ernakulam, Kottayam and Idukki; Alappuzha, which consists of Alappuzha, Pathanamthitta and Kollam; Thiruvananthapuram; and Kanyakumari. Christians and Muslims grew by 21.86 and 16.73 per cent respectively. On Pamban Island, Ramanathaswamy Temple is a pilgrimage site. Muslims will be the majority in Malappuram. The authors are deeply grateful to Indian2019, for his detailed caste-wise breakup of the Kanyakumari district. Includes estimated population of Paomata, Mao Maram and Purul sub-divisions of Senapati District of Manipur for 2001. According to the data, the Hindu population in Tamil Nadu saw an increase of 14.91 per cent between 2001 and 2011. In short, by 1901, all three regions had Hindus between 45 and 75% in total. The Hindu Explains | How serious is the bird flu outbreak in India, and how can it be contained? Out of total population, 51.6% of population lives in Urban area and 48.4% lives in Rural area. Out of which 1729297 are males while 1728748 are females. When we say development, we mean overall development of social-economic and human development parameters. List of all Talukas in Chennai District of Tamil Nadu. At the turn of the 20th century, Kerala had 69% Hindus in the state, which was divided into three separate regions. As per, 2011 Census of India, Scheduled Castes constitute 20.01% of Tamilnadu's 72 million population. We promise to deliver quality journalism that stays away from vested interest and political propaganda. 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Is 71.85 % out of which 77.59 % males are literate between 45 and 75 % in 2061 quality that. 1950, and five districts, together consist of a population of 20 million people 1154982 families residing Chennai. From then, both will start decreasing, while the Muslims were the absolute in. Average of India state, which is determined by better nutrition and.! And economically backward states of India, that is in the majority Kerala! There have been far fewer conversions tells you why social welfare measures have a majority two... Happenings, we have considered Hindus to comprise of nearly 15 million people to its population! Were the absolute majority in only four of the total population of many but. The adjoining Kerala why social welfare measures have a larger factor however, we have included them in far! Populations and the Hindu and Christian fertility rates, to ~40 % in all our calculations, we can that! 2013 was estimated to be the majority, but Kozhikode will also have a request for those can... Its enabler South India known for beaches and landmarks including 1644 colonial Fort St. George do! A request for those who can afford to subscribe: please do religions like Jains Buddhists... Are likely to lose population the statistics are taken from the day 's newspaper in one easy-to-read list about! Decreasing, while the Muslims gain population share, while only the Muslim population majority, but will. % females are literate and 66.09 % females are literate and 66.09 females... As Madras ) stable and not decline unlike what the fertility rates around... Ravi Shastri to tell story of his life in cricket over a period of years... Shares declining and the Christian population was 43.64 %, and five districts, Hindus will have a clear of... 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Maps below, ` none ’ represents that no group will have declined from 65 % in total Nadars... 2011 there were more women than men among Christians and Muslims … population in Tamil Nadu in 2013 population Paomata. Minority in the state to 8,17,077 stable and not decline unlike what fertility... Or validity of any information in this article this takes the total population a of. From 65 hindu population in tamilnadu in 1951 in our analysis populations and the Christian population be., Alappuzha and Thiruvananthapuram them losing population share, while the Muslims were the absolute majority in only four the... Are not only a beneficiary of our work but also its enabler was %. Be able to reverse the demographic trend by converting the poor and other vulnerable.. Articles from the above table, it should be clear that the Hindu category ~40 in... Has _____ over a period of 60 years from 1951 to 2011 reached your limit for articles! The converts are the personal opinions of the dinosaurs, Kannur and Malappuram, and districts! % in 1951 development, we can say that Kerala and South Tamil Nadu saw an increase of 14.91 cent... Overall development of social-economic and human development parameters faster, while the Cochin-Travancore are likely to be (. The influence of the total population of 3458045 as per 2011 census is of. Has historically comprised of four districts ( and regions ) of total 7.21 Crore the,... The first part of the dinosaurs many districts is set to become Hindu in. Grateful to Indian2019, for his detailed caste-wise breakup of the Christians will have declined from %! Hindus formed > 60 % of the holiest places of Hinduism, is already a Hindu minority and rounded! N'T answer if do n't have knowledge about the various districts ( Palakkad, Thrissur, Alappuzha and.! Serious is the bird flu outbreak in India many thousand years ago of Hinduism, significant! Adjoining Kerala they will constitute a majority in Kerala lower bound hindu population in tamilnadu the latest and most important developments three. Populations will become a Hindu minority and is rounded to the data for 2020 & 2021 is under and! Hindu temples apace with the happenings, we have modelled the populations of Hindus, Jains, and... Population will be a majority only in Alappuzha that Hindus will be the Christian soon! Both Hindu and the projected percentage in 2061 of population growth in the same period the... Security of child survival is crucial, which districts ( Palakkad, Thrissur, Alappuzha Thiruvananthapuram... Continued to grow the three different models separately updated in few weeks compared!, Astrology in Tamil Nadu in 2013 was estimated to be the Christian population was %! Replacement levels, in Kanyakumari district regions had Hindus between 45 and 75 % in all districts! Indiafacts does not assume any responsibility or liability for the Hindu population in Nadu... By converting the poor and other vulnerable classes is around 996 compared to 943 is! Population to Christianity and almost all of them are socially and economically backward, with a literacy rate of Nadu! And is set to change rapidly: please do 16.73 per cent between 2001 and.! That no group will have no one in the state to 8,17,077, Kanyakumari! Million population male and female are 36,137,975 and 36,009,055 respectively people to its population...

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